August 12–14, 2020POSTPONED to August 11-13, 2021
Golden, Colorado USA
COURSE OUTLINE

The information presented below applied to an earlier session of the course. Updated information for 2021 will be available soon.

First two days' programs run from 8:30 AM to 4:30 PM; last day 8:30 AM to 12:00 PM. Breaks are scheduled in the morning and afternoon.

Day One
  • Crude oil
    The cost of crude oil is approximately 70-80% of the cost of operating refineries.  Understanding crude oil reserves and characteristics is therefore important. 
    • World-wide crude supply and consumption
    • Future production trends
    • Key crude oil qualities

  • Petroleum products
    This session will review product consumption trends and key specifications. Environmental concerns are resulting in increasingly stringent transportation fuels specifications, and this has a significant impact on refinery operations.
    • Product demand trends
      • Gasoline
      • Distillate
      • Fuel oil
    • Product specifications
      • Gasoline
      • Jet fuel
      • Diesel
      • Fuel oil
    • Product pricing
      • Product pricing trends
      • Refining centers
      • Import/export parity

  • Crude Oil Quality
    A discussion of crude oil composition and properties is presented in this session.
    • Crude oil composition
      • Typical elemental breakdown
      • Hydrocarbon types
    • Bulk crude oil properties
      • API gravity
      • Sulfur content
      • Distillation range
      • Other important properties

  • Refinery process technology

    Refineries are designed to match their local product market and crude oil supply. For this reason, refiners utilize a variety of process units to achieve economic viability.  This session presents an overview of major process options, with a focus on heavy oil conversion options.  The range of refinery process technology will be discussed.  The discussion is divided into the following sections:

    • Crude Oil Separation
      • Distillation fundamentals
      • Atmospheric distillation
      • Vacuum distillation
      • Gas plants
Day Two
  • Refinery process technology (Continued)
    • Conversion Processes
      • Hydrocracking
      • Fluid catalytic cracking
      • Delayed coking
      • Fluid coking
      • Visbreaking
      • Solvent deasphalting
      • Resid hydrocracking
    • Upgrading Processes
      • Hydrotreating
      • Catalytic reforming
      • Isomerization
      • Alkylation
    • Supporting Processes
      • Acid gas removal
      • Sulfur recovery
      • Hydrogen production
      • Benzene Reduction
      • Utilities and offsites
      • Product blending
    • Other Related Technology
      • Petrochemicals
        • Aromatics
        • Olefins
      • Lube oil

The technology is described along with important feedstock characteristics and typical product yields.

Day Three   (half-day)
  • Refinery types and complexity
    Refineries vary in type and complexity depending on many factors such as market demand, crude oil availability, and company investment objectives.
    • Refinery types
      • Topping
      • Hydroskimming
      • Cracking
      • Coking
    • Nelson complexity index

  • Refinery margins
    Refiners use several types of refinery margins to describe their profitability. Each of these margins is described and how each is applied.
    • Gross
    • Variable
    • Net
    • Incremental

  • Refinery Planning and Economics
    This session will begin with an overview of refinery economics modeling which involves the linear programming technique. Refinery planning applications are then discussed in detail.
    • Linear programming
    • Crude oil assays
    • Refinery modeling
    • Planning applications
      • Crude oil evaluation
      • Production planning
      • Product blending
      • Shutdown planning
      • Configuration studies
      • Technology evaluation